Sumer was an ancient civilization founded in the Mesopotamia region of the Fertile Crescent situated between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Known for their innovations in language, governance, architecture and more, Sumerians are considered the creators of civilization as modern humans understand it. Their control of the region lasted for short of 2,000 years before the Babylonians took charge in 2004 B.C.
Like many ancient cultures, the Sumerians developed art that was largely reflective of their religious beliefs. The Sumerian art medium of choice was clay which was abundant in the region, but statues made from stone have also been unearthed. Often artist decoration adorned functional items such as pottery, weapons, or even farm implements.
Sumer is recognized as the cradle of man’s modern origins; the world’s first advanced civilization. Known for their innovations in language, governance, architecture and more, Sumerian civilization flourished from 4500 to 1900 BC
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