The stupa is the most ancient form of Buddhist art, symbolizing the monumental funerary mounds of ancient India that were appropriated into Buddhism as depositories for Buddha relics. The stupa is usually designed in the non-enterable circular burial mound topped by the honorific multi-tiered parasols. In later periods, the simple form of the early Stupas became more elaborated with mouldings.
The pillars of Ashoka are a series of columns dispersed throughout the Indian subcontinent, erected or at least inscribed with edicts by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka during his reign from c. 268 to 232 BC.
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Dr. Karen Shelby is an Assistant Professor of Art History at Baruch College, The City University of New York. Her research focuses on the visual culture of Flemish nationalism in the Great War. Her publications include Flemish Nationalism and the Great War: The Politics of Memory, Visual Culture and Commemoration (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014) and Belgian Museums of the Great War: Politics, Memory, and Commerce (Routledge, 2016).
Earth is Mysterious focuses on history, mythology and past civilizations that walked the earth. Discover beautiful places and Hidden wonders of this beautiful and mysterious earth. Explore lost civilizations, tour ancient places and latest archaeological finding.